BREEDERS SOCIETY AND REGISTRY ®
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Report on New Breed Development- Article One
A Three Article Series
By Professor Richard Gradwohl
ARTICLE ONE FOCUSES ON THE MINI MILKER BREEDS
ARTICLE TWO WILL FOCUS ON THE MINI BEEF BREEDS
ARTICLE THREE WILL FOCUS ON THE DUAL PURPOSE BREEDS
Here at the Happy Mountain® Miniature Cattle Research Facility we are focused on the development of nine completely new breeds of miniature cattle. They are the AuburnshireTM, BelmontTM, BurienshireTM, CovingtonshireTM, Kentshire®, KingshireTM, PandaTM Miniature Cattle, Grad-Wohl, and Happy Mountain®. These nine new breeds can be divided into three basic focus categories of mini-milkers, mini beef animals and dual purpose beef/milk animals. The mini-milker breeds are the Auburnshire and Belmont. The mini beef animal breeds are the Happy Mountain®, KingshireTM and Grad-Wohl. The dual purpose animals are the Kentshire®, PandaTM, Burienshire and CovingtonshireTM. Each of these breeds has applications to one or more of the six markets for miniature cattle which are the pet market, breeder market, mini-milker market, show market, organic beef market and commercial farm grown beef market.
MINI MILKERS: The two mini-milkers the Auburnshire and the Belmont have marketing applications to the pet, mini milker, breeder and show markets.
Auburnshire: The Auburnshire is a combination of three breeds. The Dexter, Dutch- Belt and Mini Jersey. The first cross in the approved breeding program requires a small Dexter bull under 38" to be bred to smaller Dutch-Belt cows or heifers, natural or AI, resulting in F-1 progeny. This first cross brings the height of the F-1 progeny down considerably. Usually between 40" and 45". The second cross is with a Miniature Jersey bull natural or AI. The Miniature Jersey bull is under 42" and brings the height of the F-2 progeny down even more generally 38" to 42".
This sequence of breeding develops an animal that has outstanding hybrid vigor. It ends up being 50% Miniature Jersey (also known as the Lessor Jersey), 25% Dexter and 25% Dutch-Belt. The result is a great miniature milker with outstanding milking capacity. There are two Dexter foundation bulls to choose from, Danny Boy MCBR #2059 or Max MCBR #2275. Danny Boy is 38" at five years of age and Max is 36" at 2 ½ years of age. The approved Lessor Jersey bull is Bob MCBR #2308. Bob is 42" at 3 years. The resulting F-2 progenies are then bred half brother to half sister to increase the herd and maintain the breed percentage. By restricting breed development to only approved foundation bulls we are linebreeding to achieve maximum focus of desirable genetic characteristics. The Auburnshire is really a great mini milker. The three breed combination triple cross gives outstanding performance.
Belmont: The Belmont is a two breed triple cross animal. It is basically a cross between smaller Dexter cattle and smaller Jersey cattle. You can breed up to 75% of either breed. Foundation Dexter bulls must be docile and cannot be over 38" at the hip at three years of age. All foundation bulls must have gone through the scrutiny of an approval process and must be registered in the Miniature Cattle Breeds Registry. Dams can be grade or registered Jerseys with high milk production capacity. The choice of Jersey female is based on production and height, the shorter the better. What we are after here is a short mini-milker with good milk production an animal that can be a pet as well as a mini-milker. By blending the smaller Dexter and smaller Jersey cattle you get what a lot of people want, a small mini-milker with the resulting heterosis from crossing the two breeds.
You're not limited to the present foundation bulls. If you have another bull in mind you can submit him for consideration. Height, conformation, breeding history are all considered. Bulls are approved for in herd use only or in herd/out of herd use. Linebreeding off a particular bull selection is an excellent way to develop your herd. Another way to develop the herd is the two breed triple cross method. Essentially you breed an approved Dexter bull to small Jersey females. You also breed a Miniature Jersey bull to Miniature Dexter females. You make your progeny selections based on conformation and height and then breed the crosses to the crosses. This is the third cross in the two breed triple cross. The results of these breedings are bred half brother to half sister to increase the herd. Whether you linebreed starting with your first cross, Dexter on Jersey or Jersey on Dexter, or go on to the two breed triple cross the Belmont is an outstanding mini-milker with high performance ability.
At the present time there are two approved Belmont foundation bulls registered in the MCBR, the Dexter bull Danny Boy and the Lessor Jersey bull Bob. Two other Dexter bulls are in the approval process, Max MCBR #2275 and Fireball MCBR #2274. Both Danny Boy and Bob are approved for both in herd and out of herd use. Semen from both bulls are available. Call the MCBR (253) 631-1911 to inquire about Dexter semen or Lessor Jersey semen. Also if you have a bull to be considered for the approval process give the registry a call. Because of the additional time and effort involved in the approval process there is a charge of $100.00 per bull submitted.